As an aircraft owner and operator, you are no doubt familiar with the term ‘airworthiness’. It’s a relatively straightforward word, referring to whether or not an aircraft is capable of safe flight. The word is also used in reference to component parts of an aircraft, and if they’re functioning as intended. The process of measuring airworthiness is very comprehensive, and it covers all safety aspects including the strength and structural integrity and the design requirements for aerodynamics.
Airworthiness is more than just a desirable trait to have in your aircraft, it is necessary in order for you to fly in compliance with the FAA rules and regulations. How is airworthiness measured though, and how can you get your own airworthiness certification? Let’s take a look.
What Is an Airworthiness Certificate?
An airworthiness certificate is a document issued by the FAA, just like your registration. It serves as proof that your aircraft can fly both safely and legally in U.S. airspace. Airworthiness is determined by a variety of different tests that the FAA has created. They include-
- Ground tests and flight tests
- Maintenance evaluation
- Review of any proposed designs and methods
Civil aviation authority collaborates and must also give their approval in order for you to receive your airworthiness certificate.
Why Is Airworthiness Important?
Earlier we mentioned that your airworthiness certificate is required in order for you to fly safely and legally. However, there are other times when this certificate is necessary. For example, if you are trying to sell your aircraft or transfer ownership, you will need to provide an airworthiness certificate. It also gives you, as the owner and/or pilot, that the aircraft is safe.
Another crucial element to airworthiness is the airworthiness directives, sometimes shortened to AD. These are issued whenever a fault or flaw is found so owners and operators can be notified. Having a way of measuring airworthiness and safety means that there’s also a way of maintaining that safety as new aviation technology is developed.
How Do I Get an Airworthiness Certificate?
You can receive an airworthiness certificate after filling out the application, which you can do here on our website. When applying for an airworthiness certificate, you will need to supply the following information-
- Registration mark
- Aircraft builder’s name
- Aircraft model designation
- Aircraft serial number
- Engine builder’s name
- Engine model designation
- Number of engines in your aircraft
- Propeller builder’s name
- Propeller model designation
You must indicate whether or not your aircraft is an import. You will also need to select which classification of airworthiness certification you’re applying- standard, special, or multiple. Multiple simply means that you are applying for multiple certificates, but standard and special have their own specific uses.
With the standard airworthiness certificate, you have seven different categories to choose from. They are-
You would select special when you plan to operate an aircraft under one of the following conditions-
- Primary- This category is for personal usage.
- Light-Sport- When operating a light-sport aircraft other than a gyroplane, kit-built, or a transitioning ultralight vehicle you would choose this category.
- Limited- A limited category aircraft is a military aircraft that has been converted for personal civilian usage.
- Provisional- A provisional airworthiness certificate means that the aircraft can be operated within a certain timeframe. There are two classes; Class 1 can be issued to any aircraft and it is considered valid for 24 months, while Class 2 can only be issued to transport aircraft and is valid for 12 months.
- Restricted- Examples of restricted include aerial surveying, agricultural, forest, and wildlife conservation.
- Experimental- This is for things like research and development, air racing, crew training, or to show compliance with the FAA’s regulations.
- Special flight- Sometimes an aircraft is not eligible for an airworthiness certificate, but it’s technically still safe enough to fly. Special permits are granted under certain conditions so the aircraft can be operated even if it isn’t considered airworthy (think of it as the difference between an A and an A+ on a test in school). Examples of special flights include flying the aircraft to a place where it can be repaired or stored, delivering a brand new aircraft to its purchaser, or evacuating it from danger.
Where Can I Find More Information About Owning an Aircraft?
There are plenty of responsibilities that come with being an aircraft owner. Making sure your registration is up to date, keeping your aircraft airworthy, and general compliance with the FAA are just three examples of the things that you need to be mindful of. If you’re in need of more information about the special documents and forms that you need to obtain then look no further because we have everything here on our website. Simply fill out the application, upload it to our secure website, and we will handle the rest.